what is Psoriasis?

What is Psoriasis and Its Treatment?- Types and Symptoms

What is Psoriasis? Psoriasis is a noncontagious chronic inflammatory skin disorder that causes the skin to itch and form patches and scales. These patches are called plaques. Reports show that Psoriasis affects people of all races, gender and age. Approximately 3% of the U.S.A. adult population (7.5 million adults) and 125 million people worldwide has psoriasis. Studies by the World Health Organisation (WHO) shows that males and females have an equal probability of being affected. Many questions have been posed on what is psoriasis and its treatment?. We shall examine this disease more as we journey on!

The report shows that about 75 percent of cases are diagnosed before the age of 46. While 25 percent of diagnoses occur in adults in the late 50s and early 60s.

In most affected people, the disorder is visible on only a few patches on the skin but the rash can emerge anywhere on the body.

Psoriasis tends to affect the skin of palms and feet, fingernails and toenails, elbows and knees, face, lower back and genitals and scalp.

Complications such as Heart Disease, Type 2 Diabetes, Obesity, Kidney Disease, High Cholesterol and High Blood Pressure are likely to emerge in people suffering from psoriasis.

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Types Of Psoriasis

The types of psoriasis include;

1. Plague Psoriasis

80% to 90% of people suffering from psoriasis have Plaque Psoriasis, which makes it the most common form of Psoriasis.

Also called Psoriasis Vulgaris, it appears as reddish patches with white scales on the skin and tends to affect sites of friction and abrasion like the skin of the elbows, scalp, shins and knees.

2. Inverse Psoriasis

Inverse Psoriasis, also called flexural psoriasis appear as inflamed skin with pink patches and no scales.
Its patches develop in genital areas like the head of the penis, groin, buttocks, under armpits or breasts.
It frequently affects areas where the skin folds.

3. Erythrodermic Psoriasis

Erythrodermic Psoriasis, also called Psoriatic erythroderma is a very rare and severe type of psoriasis that appears like sunburns.
It often involves 90% of the entire skin and it is also fatal and life-threatening so, it is advisable to seek medication attention immediately.

4. Pustular Psoriasis

Pustular Psoriasis which most often affect the feet and hands and is later widespread throughout the entire body is more common in adults.
It appears as bumps and blisters that are filled with pus.

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5. Guttate Psoriasis

Guttate psoriasis causes small pink bumps on large areas of the skin like the arms, legs and torso.
These small spots which affect children and young adults after a sore throat are similar to that of the plague psoriasis.

Other common types of Psoriasis include:

Napkin Psoriasis.

Oral Psoriasis

Nail Psoriasis and

Seborrheic-like Psoriasis.


Symptoms Of Psoriasis


Signs and symptoms of Psoriasis vary in different individuals depending on the type of psoriasis.

Nevertheless, certain symptoms are common among affected persons.
They include:

1. Swollen Joints.

2. Itchiness.

3. Joint Pain.

4. Dry and Cracked Skin.

5. Cracked Nails.

6. Soreness and Burning Sensation around patches.

7. Red and Inflamed patches of skin.
The white plagues which often appear on these red patches are also a symptom of Psoriasis.


Causes And Risk Factors Of Psoriasis

It is still unclear what causes psoriasis, but research has discovered some factors that might foster its emergence.

They include:

1. Weather Condition.

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2. Genetics.

3. Skin Injury.

4. Immune System

5. Stress

6. Skin Dryness

7. Smoking and Excessive Alcohol Consumption

8. Infection

9. Microbes

10. Certain Medications like lithium, captopril and beta blockers.


Lifestyle Changes That Help Relieve Psoriasis Symptoms


Lifestyle Changes that can help relieve psoriasis symptoms include:

1. Reduce Intake of Alcohol.

2. Manage Stress.

3. Avoid Foods that Trigger Symptoms like milk and cheese, refined sugar, processed foods and red meat.

4. Avoid Harsh Soaps

5. Lose Weight and Maintain a Healthy Diet.

6. Use Moisturizers after Bathing


Treatment Of Psoriasis

There is no confirmed treatment for psoriasis.
These treatments are administered to remove scales and plaques.

The Medications used to treat Psoriasis include:

1. Methotrexate

2. Cyclosporine

3. Biologics

4. Retinoids

Topical treatments include ointments that can be applied directly to the skin.

They include:

1. Moisturisers

2. Vitamin D analogues.

3. Anthralin.

4. Steroid Creams.

5. Medicated Shampoos and Lotions.

6. Calcipotriene Creams.

Light Therapy, PUVA and Immune Therapy are other treatment options that are followed to help slow down cell production and relieve symptoms of Psoriasis.