Contact Process In the Preparation of Tetraoxosulphate(VI) Acid

contact process

The contact process is the most widely used method of manufacturing tetraoxosulphate(IV) acid, otherwise called sulphuric acid on a commercial scale. The main reaction in the manufacturing process of this very important compound is the catalytic combination of sulphur(IV) oxide and oxygen to form sulphur(VI) oxide. Sulphur(IV) oxide is made by burning sulphur in dry air or by roasting sulphide ores.


2SO2(g) + O2(g)  2SO3(g) + heat


S(s) + O2(g)  SO2(g)


Below is a concise description of a simple procedure in the industrial preparation of sulfuric acid, otherwise known by its IUPAC name is tetraoxosulphate(VI) acid using the contact process. 


Sulphur(IV) oxide is mixed with excess air and passed through an electric chamber in order to remove impurities and dust which might poison the catalyst. The gaseous mixture is then passed through concentrated tetraoxosulphate(VI) acid to be dried before it is taken to the reaction chamber or contact tower. Here, the sulphur(IV) oxide combines with oxygen in the presence of pellets of a catalyst, vanadium(V) oxide to yield sulphur(VI) oxide.


The contact process is carried out at an atmospheric pressure and at a temperature of about 450 -500oC with excess air or oxygen to ensure that all the sulphur(IV) oxide has reacted. Around 98% of the possible yield of sulphur(VI) oxide is obtained.


The sulphur(VI) oxide is cooled and passed into an absorption tower where it dissolves in concentrated tetraoxosulphste(VI) acid to produce a very thick liquid called oleum. Note that the oxide, sulphur(VI) oxide, is not dissolved directly in water because the heat evolved during the process would cause the acid solution to boil and producing a mist of acid droplets which could spread throughout the factory.


SO3(g) + H2SO4(aq) → H2S2O7(aq)


The Oleum, H2S2O4 is then diluted with appropriate amounts of water to produce the 98% tetraoxosulphate(VI) acid often used in the laboratory and also into other desired concentrations.





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Tony Onwujiariri
Tony is an Avid Tech enthusiast that loves Scientific Inventions and Tech Products. He blogs Passionately on Science and Technology related niches and spends most of his time on Research in Content Management and SEO. Tony loves Sugar and has been in love with Don Williams since he was a toddler on Diapers.

2 Comments on "Contact Process In the Preparation of Tetraoxosulphate(VI) Acid"

  1. onyeka precious | August 16, 2019 at 11:28 am | Reply

    please i need to purchase this acid for my project work in the university (futo).send me your contact pls

    • Sulphuric Acids are strong mineral acids that must be handled with care. It is not even permissible for sellers to sell it to individuals directly. I advice you consult your lecturers because I am sure they would be of help

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